libevent  2.2.0
Event notification library
 All Data Structures Files Functions Variables Typedefs Enumerations Enumerator Macros Pages
Data Structures | Macros | Typedefs | Enumerations | Functions
event.h File Reference

Core functions for waiting for and receiving events, and using event bases. More...

#include <event2/visibility.h>
#include <event2/event-config.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <event2/util.h>
Include dependency graph for event.h:
This graph shows which files directly or indirectly include this file:

Go to the source code of this file.

Data Structures

struct  event
 Structure to represent a single event. More...
 
struct  event_base
 Structure to hold information and state for a Libevent dispatch loop. More...
 
struct  event_config
 Configuration for an event_base. More...
 

Macros

#define _EVENT_LOG_DEBUG   EVENT_LOG_DEBUG
 
#define _EVENT_LOG_ERR   EVENT_LOG_ERR
 
#define _EVENT_LOG_MSG   EVENT_LOG_MSG
 
#define _EVENT_LOG_WARN   EVENT_LOG_WARN
 
#define EVENT_DBG_ALL   0xffffffffu
 
#define EVENT_DBG_NONE   0
 
#define event_get_signal(ev)   ((int)event_get_fd(ev))
 Get the signal number assigned to a signal event.
 
#define EVENT_MAX_PRIORITIES   256
 Largest number of priorities that Libevent can support. More...
 
#define EVENT_SET_MEM_FUNCTIONS_IMPLEMENTED
 This definition is present if Libevent was built with support for event_set_mem_functions()
 
#define LIBEVENT_VERSION   EVENT__VERSION
 As event_get_version, but gives the version of Libevent's headers. More...
 
#define LIBEVENT_VERSION_NUMBER   EVENT__NUMERIC_VERSION
 As event_get_version_number, but gives the version number of Libevent's headers. More...
 
event type flag

Flags to pass to event_base_get_num_events() to specify the kinds of events we want to aggregate counts for

#define EVENT_BASE_COUNT_ACTIVE   1U
 count the number of active events, which have been triggered. More...
 
#define EVENT_BASE_COUNT_VIRTUAL   2U
 count the number of virtual events, which is used to represent an internal condition, other than a pending event, that keeps the loop from exiting. More...
 
#define EVENT_BASE_COUNT_ADDED   4U
 count the number of events which have been added to event base, including internal events. More...
 
Log severities
#define EVENT_LOG_DEBUG   0
 
#define EVENT_LOG_MSG   1
 
#define EVENT_LOG_WARN   2
 
#define EVENT_LOG_ERR   3
 
Loop flags

These flags control the behavior of event_base_loop().

#define EVLOOP_ONCE   0x01
 Block until we have an active event, then exit once all active events have had their callbacks run. More...
 
#define EVLOOP_NONBLOCK   0x02
 Do not block: see which events are ready now, run the callbacks of the highest-priority ones, then exit. More...
 
#define EVLOOP_NO_EXIT_ON_EMPTY   0x04
 Do not exit the loop because we have no pending events. More...
 
event flags

Flags to pass to event_new(), event_assign(), event_pending(), and anything else with an argument of the form "short events"

#define EV_TIMEOUT   0x01
 Indicates that a timeout has occurred. More...
 
#define EV_READ   0x02
 Wait for a socket or FD to become readable.
 
#define EV_WRITE   0x04
 Wait for a socket or FD to become writeable.
 
#define EV_SIGNAL   0x08
 Wait for a POSIX signal to be raised.
 
#define EV_PERSIST   0x10
 Persistent event: won't get removed automatically when activated. More...
 
#define EV_ET   0x20
 Select edge-triggered behavior, if supported by the backend. More...
 
#define EV_FINALIZE   0x40
 If this option is provided, then event_del() will not block in one thread while waiting for the event callback to complete in another thread. More...
 
#define EV_CLOSED   0x80
 Detects connection close events. More...
 
evtimer_* macros

Aliases for working with one-shot timer events If you need EV_PERSIST timer use event_*() functions.

#define evtimer_assign(ev, b, cb, arg)   event_assign((ev), (b), -1, 0, (cb), (arg))
 
#define evtimer_new(b, cb, arg)   event_new((b), -1, 0, (cb), (arg))
 
#define evtimer_add(ev, tv)   event_add((ev), (tv))
 
#define evtimer_del(ev)   event_del(ev)
 
#define evtimer_pending(ev, tv)   event_pending((ev), EV_TIMEOUT, (tv))
 
#define evtimer_initialized(ev)   event_initialized(ev)
 
evsignal_* macros

Aliases for working with signal events

#define evsignal_add(ev, tv)   event_add((ev), (tv))
 
#define evsignal_assign(ev, b, x, cb, arg)   event_assign((ev), (b), (x), EV_SIGNAL|EV_PERSIST, cb, (arg))
 
#define evsignal_new(b, x, cb, arg)   event_new((b), (x), EV_SIGNAL|EV_PERSIST, (cb), (arg))
 
#define evsignal_del(ev)   event_del(ev)
 
#define evsignal_pending(ev, tv)   event_pending((ev), EV_SIGNAL, (tv))
 
#define evsignal_initialized(ev)   event_initialized(ev)
 
evuser_* macros

Aliases for working with user-triggered events If you need EV_PERSIST event use event_*() functions.

#define evuser_new(b, cb, arg)   event_new((b), -1, 0, (cb), (arg))
 
#define evuser_del(ev)   event_del(ev)
 
#define evuser_pending(ev, tv)   event_pending((ev), 0, (tv))
 
#define evuser_initialized(ev)   event_initialized(ev)
 
#define evuser_trigger(ev)   event_active((ev), 0, 0)
 

Typedefs

typedef int(* event_base_foreach_event_cb )(const struct event_base *, const struct event *, void *)
 Callback for iterating events in an event base via event_base_foreach_event.
 
typedef void(* event_callback_fn )(evutil_socket_t, short, void *)
 A callback function for an event. More...
 
typedef void(* event_fatal_cb )(int err)
 A function to be called if Libevent encounters a fatal internal error. More...
 
typedef void(* event_finalize_callback_fn )(struct event *, void *)
 Callback type for event_finalize and event_free_finalize().
 
typedef void(* event_log_cb )(int severity, const char *msg)
 A callback function used to intercept Libevent's log messages. More...
 

Enumerations

enum  event_base_config_flag {
  EVENT_BASE_FLAG_NOLOCK = 0x01, EVENT_BASE_FLAG_IGNORE_ENV = 0x02, EVENT_BASE_FLAG_STARTUP_IOCP = 0x04, EVENT_BASE_FLAG_NO_CACHE_TIME = 0x08,
  EVENT_BASE_FLAG_EPOLL_USE_CHANGELIST = 0x10, EVENT_BASE_FLAG_PRECISE_TIMER = 0x20
}
 A flag passed to event_config_set_flag(). More...
 
enum  event_method_feature { EV_FEATURE_ET = 0x01, EV_FEATURE_O1 = 0x02, EV_FEATURE_FDS = 0x04, EV_FEATURE_EARLY_CLOSE = 0x08 }
 A flag used to describe which features an event_base (must) provide. More...
 

Functions

EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL void event_active (struct event *ev, int res, short ncalls)
 Make an event active. More...
 
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL int event_add (struct event *ev, const struct timeval *timeout)
 Add an event to the set of pending events. More...
 
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL int event_assign (struct event *ev, struct event_base *base, evutil_socket_t fd, short events, event_callback_fn callback, void *callback_arg)
 Prepare a new, already-allocated event structure to be added. More...
 
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL void event_base_active_by_fd (struct event_base *base, evutil_socket_t fd, short events)
 Activates all pending events for the given fd and event mask. More...
 
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL void event_base_active_by_signal (struct event_base *base, int sig)
 Activates all pending signals with a given signal number. More...
 
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL int event_base_dispatch (struct event_base *base)
 Event dispatching loop. More...
 
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL void event_base_dump_events (struct event_base *base, FILE *output)
 Writes a human-readable description of all inserted and/or active events to a provided stdio stream. More...
 
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL int event_base_foreach_event (struct event_base *base, event_base_foreach_event_cb fn, void *arg)
 Iterate over all added or active events events in an event loop, and invoke a given callback on each one. More...
 
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL void event_base_free (struct event_base *eb)
 Deallocate all memory associated with an event_base, and free the base. More...
 
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL void event_base_free_nofinalize (struct event_base *)
 As event_base_free, but do not run finalizers.
 
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL int event_base_get_features (const struct event_base *base)
 Return a bitmask of the features implemented by an event base. More...
 
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL int event_base_get_max_events (struct event_base *eb, unsigned int flags, int clear)
 Get the maximum number of events in a given event_base as specified in the flags. More...
 
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL const char * event_base_get_method (const struct event_base *eb)
 Get the kernel event notification mechanism used by Libevent. More...
 
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL int event_base_get_npriorities (struct event_base *eb)
 Get the number of different event priorities. More...
 
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL int event_base_get_num_events (struct event_base *eb, unsigned int flags)
 Gets the number of events in event_base, as specified in the flags. More...
 
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL struct eventevent_base_get_running_event (struct event_base *base)
 If called from within the callback for an event, returns that event. More...
 
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL int event_base_gettimeofday_cached (struct event_base *base, struct timeval *tv)
 Sets 'tv' to the current time (as returned by gettimeofday()), looking at the cached value in 'base' if possible, and calling gettimeofday() or clock_gettime() as appropriate if there is no cached time. More...
 
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL int event_base_got_break (struct event_base *eb)
 Checks if the event loop was told to abort immediately by event_base_loopbreak(). More...
 
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL int event_base_got_exit (struct event_base *eb)
 Checks if the event loop was told to exit by event_base_loopexit(). More...
 
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL const
struct timeval * 
event_base_init_common_timeout (struct event_base *base, const struct timeval *duration)
 Prepare an event_base to use a large number of timeouts with the same duration. More...
 
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL int event_base_loop (struct event_base *eb, int flags)
 Wait for events to become active, and run their callbacks. More...
 
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL int event_base_loopbreak (struct event_base *eb)
 Abort the active event_base_loop() immediately. More...
 
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL int event_base_loopcontinue (struct event_base *eb)
 Tell the active event_base_loop() to scan for new events immediately. More...
 
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL int event_base_loopexit (struct event_base *eb, const struct timeval *tv)
 Exit the event loop after the specified time. More...
 
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL struct
event_base
event_base_new (void)
 Create and return a new event_base to use with the rest of Libevent. More...
 
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL struct
event_base
event_base_new_with_config (const struct event_config *cfg)
 Initialize the event API. More...
 
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL int event_base_once (struct event_base *base, evutil_socket_t fd, short events, event_callback_fn callback, void *arg, const struct timeval *timeout)
 Schedule a one-time event. More...
 
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL int event_base_priority_init (struct event_base *eb, int npriorities)
 Set the number of different event priorities. More...
 
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL int event_base_set (struct event_base *eb, struct event *ev)
 Associate a different event base with an event. More...
 
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL int event_base_update_cache_time (struct event_base *base)
 Update cached_tv in the 'base' to the current time. More...
 
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL int event_config_avoid_method (struct event_config *cfg, const char *method)
 Enters an event method that should be avoided into the configuration. More...
 
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL void event_config_free (struct event_config *cfg)
 Deallocates all memory associated with an event configuration object. More...
 
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL struct
event_config
event_config_new (void)
 Allocates a new event configuration object. More...
 
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL int event_config_require_features (struct event_config *cfg, int feature)
 Enters a required event method feature that the application demands. More...
 
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL int event_config_set_flag (struct event_config *cfg, int flag)
 Sets one or more flags to configure what parts of the eventual event_base will be initialized, and how they'll work. More...
 
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL int event_config_set_max_dispatch_interval (struct event_config *cfg, const struct timeval *max_interval, int max_callbacks, int min_priority)
 Record an interval and/or a number of callbacks after which the event base should check for new events. More...
 
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL int event_config_set_num_cpus_hint (struct event_config *cfg, int cpus)
 Records a hint for the number of CPUs in the system. More...
 
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL void event_debug_unassign (struct event *)
 When debugging mode is enabled, informs Libevent that an event should no longer be considered as assigned. More...
 
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL int event_del (struct event *ev)
 Remove an event from the set of monitored events. More...
 
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL int event_del_block (struct event *ev)
 As event_del(), but always blocks while the event's callback is running in another thread, even if the event was constructed with the EV_FINALIZE flag.
 
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL int event_del_noblock (struct event *ev)
 As event_del(), but never blocks while the event's callback is running in another thread, even if the event was constructed without the EV_FINALIZE flag.
 
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL void event_enable_debug_logging (ev_uint32_t which)
 Turn on debugging logs and have them sent to the default log handler. More...
 
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL void event_enable_debug_mode (void)
 Enable some relatively expensive debugging checks in Libevent that would normally be turned off. More...
 
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL void event_free (struct event *)
 Deallocate a struct event * returned by event_new(). More...
 
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL void event_get_assignment (const struct event *event, struct event_base **base_out, evutil_socket_t *fd_out, short *events_out, event_callback_fn *callback_out, void **arg_out)
 Extract all of arguments given to construct a given event. More...
 
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL struct
event_base
event_get_base (const struct event *ev)
 Get the event_base associated with an event.
 
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL
event_callback_fn 
event_get_callback (const struct event *ev)
 Return the callback assigned to an event.
 
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL void * event_get_callback_arg (const struct event *ev)
 Return the callback argument assigned to an event.
 
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL short event_get_events (const struct event *ev)
 Return the events (EV_READ, EV_WRITE, etc) assigned to an event.
 
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL
evutil_socket_t 
event_get_fd (const struct event *ev)
 Get the socket or signal assigned to an event, or -1 if the event has no socket.
 
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL int event_get_priority (const struct event *ev)
 Return the priority of an event. More...
 
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL size_t event_get_struct_event_size (void)
 Return the size of struct event that the Libevent library was compiled with. More...
 
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL const char ** event_get_supported_methods (void)
 Gets all event notification mechanisms supported by Libevent. More...
 
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL const char * event_get_version (void)
 Get the Libevent version. More...
 
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL ev_uint32_t event_get_version_number (void)
 Return a numeric representation of Libevent's version. More...
 
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL int event_gettime_monotonic (struct event_base *base, struct timeval *tp)
 Query the current monotonic time from a the timer for a struct event_base.
 
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL int event_initialized (const struct event *ev)
 Test if an event structure might be initialized. More...
 
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL struct eventevent_new (struct event_base *base, evutil_socket_t fd, short events, event_callback_fn callback, void *callback_arg)
 Allocate and assign a new event structure, ready to be added. More...
 
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL int event_pending (const struct event *ev, short events, struct timeval *tv)
 Checks if a specific event is pending or scheduled. More...
 
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL int event_priority_set (struct event *ev, int priority)
 Assign a priority to an event. More...
 
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL int event_reinit (struct event_base *base)
 Reinitialize the event base after a fork. More...
 
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL int event_remove_timer (struct event *ev)
 Remove a timer from a pending event without removing the event itself. More...
 
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL void * event_self_cbarg (void)
 Return a value used to specify that the event itself must be used as the callback argument. More...
 
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL void event_set_fatal_callback (event_fatal_cb cb)
 Override Libevent's behavior in the event of a fatal internal error. More...
 
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL void event_set_log_callback (event_log_cb cb)
 Redirect Libevent's log messages. More...
 
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL void event_set_mem_functions (void *(*malloc_fn)(size_t sz), void *(*realloc_fn)(void *ptr, size_t sz), void(*free_fn)(void *ptr))
 Override the functions that Libevent uses for memory management. More...
 
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL void libevent_global_shutdown (void)
 Release up all globally-allocated resources allocated by Libevent. More...
 
Finalization functions

These functions are used to safely tear down an event in a multithreaded application.

If you construct your events with EV_FINALIZE to avoid deadlocks, you will need a way to remove an event in the certainty that it will definitely not be running its callback when you deallocate it and its callback argument.

To do this, call one of event_finalize() or event_free_finalize with 0 for its first argument, the event to tear down as its second argument, and a callback function as its third argument. The callback will be invoked as part of the event loop, with the event's priority.

After you call a finalizer function, event_add() and event_active() will no longer work on the event, and event_del() will produce a no-op. You must not try to change the event's fields with event_assign() or event_set() while the finalize callback is in progress. Once the callback has been invoked, you should treat the event structure as containing uninitialized memory.

The event_free_finalize() function frees the event after it's finalized; event_finalize() does not.

A finalizer callback must not make events pending or active. It must not add events, activate events, or attempt to "resuscitate" the event being finalized in any way.

Returns
0 on success, -1 on failure.
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL int event_finalize (unsigned, struct event *, event_finalize_callback_fn)
 
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL int event_free_finalize (unsigned, struct event *, event_finalize_callback_fn)
 

Detailed Description

Core functions for waiting for and receiving events, and using event bases.

Macro Definition Documentation

#define EV_CLOSED   0x80

Detects connection close events.

You can use this to detect when a connection has been closed, without having to read all the pending data from a connection.

Not all backends support EV_CLOSED. To detect or require it, use the feature flag EV_FEATURE_EARLY_CLOSE.

#define EV_ET   0x20

Select edge-triggered behavior, if supported by the backend.

#define EV_FINALIZE   0x40

If this option is provided, then event_del() will not block in one thread while waiting for the event callback to complete in another thread.

To use this option safely, you may need to use event_finalize() or event_free_finalize() in order to safely tear down an event in a multithreaded application. See those functions for more information.

#define EV_PERSIST   0x10

Persistent event: won't get removed automatically when activated.

When a persistent event with a timeout becomes activated, its timeout is reset to 0.

#define EV_TIMEOUT   0x01

Indicates that a timeout has occurred.

It's not necessary to pass this flag to event_for new()/event_assign() to get a timeout.

#define EVENT_BASE_COUNT_ACTIVE   1U

count the number of active events, which have been triggered.

#define EVENT_BASE_COUNT_ADDED   4U

count the number of events which have been added to event base, including internal events.

#define EVENT_BASE_COUNT_VIRTUAL   2U

count the number of virtual events, which is used to represent an internal condition, other than a pending event, that keeps the loop from exiting.

#define EVENT_MAX_PRIORITIES   256

Largest number of priorities that Libevent can support.

#define EVLOOP_NO_EXIT_ON_EMPTY   0x04

Do not exit the loop because we have no pending events.

Instead, keep running until event_base_loopexit() or event_base_loopbreak() makes us stop.

#define EVLOOP_NONBLOCK   0x02

Do not block: see which events are ready now, run the callbacks of the highest-priority ones, then exit.

#define EVLOOP_ONCE   0x01

Block until we have an active event, then exit once all active events have had their callbacks run.

#define LIBEVENT_VERSION   EVENT__VERSION

As event_get_version, but gives the version of Libevent's headers.

#define LIBEVENT_VERSION_NUMBER   EVENT__NUMERIC_VERSION

As event_get_version_number, but gives the version number of Libevent's headers.

Typedef Documentation

typedef void(* event_callback_fn)(evutil_socket_t, short, void *)

A callback function for an event.

It receives three arguments:

Parameters
fdAn fd or signal
eventsOne or more EV_* flags
argA user-supplied argument.
See Also
event_new()
typedef void(* event_fatal_cb)(int err)

A function to be called if Libevent encounters a fatal internal error.

See Also
event_set_fatal_callback
typedef void(* event_log_cb)(int severity, const char *msg)

A callback function used to intercept Libevent's log messages.

See Also
event_set_log_callback

Enumeration Type Documentation

A flag passed to event_config_set_flag().

These flags change the behavior of an allocated event_base.

See Also
event_config_set_flag(), event_base_new_with_config(), event_method_feature
Enumerator
EVENT_BASE_FLAG_NOLOCK 

Do not allocate a lock for the event base, even if we have locking set up.

Setting this option will make it unsafe and nonfunctional to call functions on the base concurrently from multiple threads.

EVENT_BASE_FLAG_IGNORE_ENV 

Do not check the EVENT_* environment variables when configuring an event_base.

EVENT_BASE_FLAG_STARTUP_IOCP 

Windows only: enable the IOCP dispatcher at startup.

If this flag is set then bufferevent_socket_new() and evconn_listener_new() will use IOCP-backed implementations instead of the usual select-based one on Windows.

EVENT_BASE_FLAG_NO_CACHE_TIME 

Instead of checking the current time every time the event loop is ready to run timeout callbacks, check after each timeout callback.

EVENT_BASE_FLAG_EPOLL_USE_CHANGELIST 

If we are using the epoll backend, this flag says that it is safe to use Libevent's internal change-list code to batch up adds and deletes in order to try to do as few syscalls as possible.

Setting this flag can make your code run faster, but it may trigger a Linux bug: it is not safe to use this flag if you have any fds cloned by dup() or its variants. Doing so will produce strange and hard-to-diagnose bugs.

This flag can also be activated by setting the EVENT_EPOLL_USE_CHANGELIST environment variable.

This flag has no effect if you wind up using a backend other than epoll.

EVENT_BASE_FLAG_PRECISE_TIMER 

Ordinarily, Libevent implements its time and timeout code using the fastest monotonic timer that we have.

If this flag is set, however, we use less efficient more precise timer, assuming one is present.

A flag used to describe which features an event_base (must) provide.

Because of OS limitations, not every Libevent backend supports every possible feature. You can use this type with event_config_require_features() to tell Libevent to only proceed if your event_base implements a given feature, and you can receive this type from event_base_get_features() to see which features are available.

Enumerator
EV_FEATURE_ET 

Require an event method that allows edge-triggered events with EV_ET.

EV_FEATURE_O1 

Require an event method where having one event triggered among many is [approximately] an O(1) operation.

This excludes (for example) select and poll, which are approximately O(N) for N equal to the total number of possible events.

EV_FEATURE_FDS 

Require an event method that allows file descriptors as well as sockets.

EV_FEATURE_EARLY_CLOSE 

Require an event method that allows you to use EV_CLOSED to detect connection close without the necessity of reading all the pending data.

Methods that do support EV_CLOSED may not be able to provide support on all kernel versions.

Function Documentation

EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL void event_active ( struct event ev,
int  res,
short  ncalls 
)

Make an event active.

You can use this function on a pending or a non-pending event to make it active, so that its callback will be run by event_base_dispatch() or event_base_loop().

One common use in multithreaded programs is to wake the thread running event_base_loop() from another thread.

Parameters
evan event to make active.
resa set of flags to pass to the event's callback.
ncallsan obsolete argument: this is ignored.
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL int event_add ( struct event ev,
const struct timeval *  timeout 
)

Add an event to the set of pending events.

The function event_add() schedules the execution of the event 'ev' when the condition specified by event_assign() or event_new() occurs, or when the time specified in timeout has elapsed. If a timeout is NULL, no timeout occurs and the function will only be called if a matching event occurs. The event in the ev argument must be already initialized by event_assign() or event_new() and may not be used in calls to event_assign() until it is no longer pending.

If the event in the ev argument already has a scheduled timeout, calling event_add() replaces the old timeout with the new one if tv is non-NULL.

Parameters
evan event struct initialized via event_assign() or event_new()
timeoutthe maximum amount of time to wait for the event, or NULL to wait forever
Returns
0 if successful, or -1 if an error occurred
See Also
event_del(), event_assign(), event_new()
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL int event_assign ( struct event ev,
struct event_base base,
evutil_socket_t  fd,
short  events,
event_callback_fn  callback,
void *  callback_arg 
)

Prepare a new, already-allocated event structure to be added.

The function event_assign() prepares the event structure ev to be used in future calls to event_add() and event_del(). Unlike event_new(), it doesn't allocate memory itself: it requires that you have already allocated a struct event, probably on the heap. Doing this will typically make your code depend on the size of the event structure, and thereby create incompatibility with future versions of Libevent.

The easiest way to avoid this problem is just to use event_new() and event_free() instead.

A slightly harder way to future-proof your code is to use event_get_struct_event_size() to determine the required size of an event at runtime.

Note that it is NOT safe to call this function on an event that is active or pending. Doing so WILL corrupt internal data structures in Libevent, and lead to strange, hard-to-diagnose bugs. You can use event_assign to change an existing event, but only if it is not active or pending!

The arguments for this function, and the behavior of the events that it makes, are as for event_new().

Parameters
evan event struct to be modified
basethe event base to which ev should be attached.
fdthe file descriptor to be monitored
eventsdesired events to monitor; can be EV_READ and/or EV_WRITE
callbackcallback function to be invoked when the event occurs
callback_argan argument to be passed to the callback function
Returns
0 if success, or -1 on invalid arguments.
See Also
event_new(), event_add(), event_del(), event_base_once(), event_get_struct_event_size()
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL void event_base_active_by_fd ( struct event_base base,
evutil_socket_t  fd,
short  events 
)

Activates all pending events for the given fd and event mask.

This function activates pending events only. Events which have not been added will not become active.

Parameters
basethe event_base on which to activate the events.
fdAn fd to active events on.
eventsOne or more of EV_{READ,WRITE,TIMEOUT}.
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL void event_base_active_by_signal ( struct event_base base,
int  sig 
)

Activates all pending signals with a given signal number.

This function activates pending events only. Events which have not been added will not become active.

Parameters
basethe event_base on which to activate the events.
sigThe signal to active events on.
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL int event_base_dispatch ( struct event_base base)

Event dispatching loop.

This loop will run the event base until either there are no more pending or active, or until something calls event_base_loopbreak() or event_base_loopexit().

Parameters
basethe event_base structure returned by event_base_new() or event_base_new_with_config()
Returns
0 if successful, -1 if an error occurred, or 1 if we exited because no events were pending or active.
See Also
event_base_loop()
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL void event_base_dump_events ( struct event_base base,
FILE *  output 
)

Writes a human-readable description of all inserted and/or active events to a provided stdio stream.

This is intended for debugging; its format is not guaranteed to be the same between libevent versions.

Parameters
baseAn event_base on which to scan the events.
outputA stdio file to write on.
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL int event_base_foreach_event ( struct event_base base,
event_base_foreach_event_cb  fn,
void *  arg 
)

Iterate over all added or active events events in an event loop, and invoke a given callback on each one.

The callback must not call any function that modifies the event base, that modifies any event in the event base, or that adds or removes any event to the event base. Doing so is unsupported and will lead to undefined behavior – likely, to crashes.

event_base_foreach_event() holds a lock on the event_base() for the whole time it's running: slow callbacks are not advisable.

Note that Libevent adds some events of its own to make pieces of its functionality work. You must not assume that the only events you'll encounter will be the ones you added yourself.

The callback function must return 0 to continue iteration, or some other integer to stop iterating.

Parameters
baseAn event_base on which to scan the events.
fnA callback function to receive the events.
argAn argument passed to the callback function.
Returns
0 if we iterated over every event, or the value returned by the callback function if the loop exited early.
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL void event_base_free ( struct event_base eb)

Deallocate all memory associated with an event_base, and free the base.

Note that this function will not close any fds or free any memory passed to event_new as the argument to callback.

If there are any pending finalizer callbacks, this function will invoke them.

Parameters
eban event_base to be freed
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL int event_base_get_features ( const struct event_base base)

Return a bitmask of the features implemented by an event base.

This will be a bitwise OR of one or more of the values of event_method_feature

See Also
event_method_feature
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL int event_base_get_max_events ( struct event_base eb,
unsigned int  flags,
int  clear 
)

Get the maximum number of events in a given event_base as specified in the flags.

Parameters
ebthe event_base structure returned by event_base_new()
flagsa bitwise combination of the kinds of events to aggregate counts for
clearoption used to reset the maximum count.
Returns
the number of events specified in the flags
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL const char* event_base_get_method ( const struct event_base eb)

Get the kernel event notification mechanism used by Libevent.

Parameters
ebthe event_base structure returned by event_base_new()
Returns
a string identifying the kernel event mechanism (kqueue, epoll, etc.)
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL int event_base_get_npriorities ( struct event_base eb)

Get the number of different event priorities.

Parameters
ebthe event_base structure returned by event_base_new()
Returns
Number of different event priorities
See Also
event_base_priority_init()
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL int event_base_get_num_events ( struct event_base eb,
unsigned int  flags 
)

Gets the number of events in event_base, as specified in the flags.

Since event base has some internal events added to make some of its functionalities work, EVENT_BASE_COUNT_ADDED may return more than the number of events you added using event_add().

If you pass EVENT_BASE_COUNT_ACTIVE and EVENT_BASE_COUNT_ADDED together, an active event will be counted twice. However, this might not be the case in future libevent versions. The return value is an indication of the work load, but the user shouldn't rely on the exact value as this may change in the future.

Parameters
ebthe event_base structure returned by event_base_new()
flagsa bitwise combination of the kinds of events to aggregate counts for
Returns
the number of events specified in the flags
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL struct event* event_base_get_running_event ( struct event_base base)

If called from within the callback for an event, returns that event.

The behavior of this function is not defined when called from outside the callback function for an event.

EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL int event_base_gettimeofday_cached ( struct event_base base,
struct timeval *  tv 
)

Sets 'tv' to the current time (as returned by gettimeofday()), looking at the cached value in 'base' if possible, and calling gettimeofday() or clock_gettime() as appropriate if there is no cached time.

Generally, this value will only be cached while actually processing event callbacks, and may be very inaccurate if your callbacks take a long time to execute.

Returns 0 on success, negative on failure.

EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL int event_base_got_break ( struct event_base eb)

Checks if the event loop was told to abort immediately by event_base_loopbreak().

This function will return true for an event_base at every point after event_base_loopbreak() is called, until the event loop is next entered.

Parameters
ebthe event_base structure returned by event_init()
Returns
true if event_base_loopbreak() was called on this event base, or 0 otherwise
See Also
event_base_loopbreak()
event_base_got_exit()
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL int event_base_got_exit ( struct event_base eb)

Checks if the event loop was told to exit by event_base_loopexit().

This function will return true for an event_base at every point after event_loopexit() is called, until the event loop is next entered.

Parameters
ebthe event_base structure returned by event_init()
Returns
true if event_base_loopexit() was called on this event base, or 0 otherwise
See Also
event_base_loopexit()
event_base_got_break()
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL const struct timeval* event_base_init_common_timeout ( struct event_base base,
const struct timeval *  duration 
)

Prepare an event_base to use a large number of timeouts with the same duration.

Libevent's default scheduling algorithm is optimized for having a large number of timeouts with their durations more or less randomly distributed. But if you have a large number of timeouts that all have the same duration (for example, if you have a large number of connections that all have a 10-second timeout), then you can improve Libevent's performance by telling Libevent about it.

To do this, call this function with the common duration. It will return a pointer to a different, opaque timeout value. (Don't depend on its actual contents!) When you use this timeout value in event_add(), Libevent will schedule the event more efficiently.

(This optimization probably will not be worthwhile until you have thousands or tens of thousands of events with the same timeout.)

EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL int event_base_loop ( struct event_base eb,
int  flags 
)

Wait for events to become active, and run their callbacks.

This is a more flexible version of event_base_dispatch().

By default, this loop will run the event base until either there are no more pending or active events, or until something calls event_base_loopbreak() or event_base_loopexit(). You can override this behavior with the 'flags' argument.

Parameters
ebthe event_base structure returned by event_base_new() or event_base_new_with_config()
flagsany combination of EVLOOP_ONCE | EVLOOP_NONBLOCK
Returns
0 if successful, -1 if an error occurred, or 1 if we exited because no events were pending or active.
See Also
event_base_loopexit(), event_base_dispatch(), EVLOOP_ONCE, EVLOOP_NONBLOCK
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL int event_base_loopbreak ( struct event_base eb)

Abort the active event_base_loop() immediately.

event_base_loop() will abort the loop after the next event is completed; event_base_loopbreak() is typically invoked from this event's callback. This behavior is analogous to the "break;" statement.

Subsequent invocations of event_base_loop() will proceed normally.

Parameters
ebthe event_base structure returned by event_init()
Returns
0 if successful, or -1 if an error occurred
See Also
event_base_loopexit()
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL int event_base_loopcontinue ( struct event_base eb)

Tell the active event_base_loop() to scan for new events immediately.

Calling this function makes the currently active event_base_loop() start the loop over again (scanning for new events) after the current event callback finishes. If the event loop is not running, this function has no effect.

event_base_loopbreak() is typically invoked from this event's callback. This behavior is analogous to the "continue;" statement.

Subsequent invocations of event loop will proceed normally.

Parameters
ebthe event_base structure returned by event_init()
Returns
0 if successful, or -1 if an error occurred
See Also
event_base_loopbreak()
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL int event_base_loopexit ( struct event_base eb,
const struct timeval *  tv 
)

Exit the event loop after the specified time.

The next event_base_loop() iteration after the given timer expires will complete normally (handling all queued events) then exit without blocking for events again.

Subsequent invocations of event_base_loop() will proceed normally.

Parameters
ebthe event_base structure returned by event_init()
tvthe amount of time after which the loop should terminate, or NULL to exit after running all currently active events.
Returns
0 if successful, or -1 if an error occurred
See Also
event_base_loopbreak()
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL struct event_base* event_base_new ( void  )

Create and return a new event_base to use with the rest of Libevent.

Returns
a new event_base on success, or NULL on failure.
See Also
event_base_free(), event_base_new_with_config()
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL struct event_base* event_base_new_with_config ( const struct event_config cfg)

Initialize the event API.

Use event_base_new_with_config() to initialize a new event base, taking the specified configuration under consideration. The configuration object can currently be used to avoid certain event notification mechanisms.

Parameters
cfgthe event configuration object
Returns
an initialized event_base that can be used to registering events, or NULL if no event base can be created with the requested event_config.
See Also
event_base_new(), event_base_free(), event_init(), event_assign()
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL int event_base_once ( struct event_base base,
evutil_socket_t  fd,
short  events,
event_callback_fn  callback,
void *  arg,
const struct timeval *  timeout 
)

Schedule a one-time event.

The function event_base_once() is similar to event_new(). However, it schedules a callback to be called exactly once, and does not require the caller to prepare an event structure.

Note that in Libevent 2.0 and earlier, if the event is never triggered, the internal memory used to hold it will never be freed. In Libevent 2.1, the internal memory will get freed by event_base_free() if the event is never triggered. The 'arg' value, however, will not get freed in either case–you'll need to free that on your own if you want it to go away.

Parameters
basean event_base
fda file descriptor to monitor, or -1 for no fd.
eventsevent(s) to monitor; can be any of EV_READ | EV_WRITE, or EV_TIMEOUT
callbackcallback function to be invoked when the event occurs
argan argument to be passed to the callback function
timeoutthe maximum amount of time to wait for the event. NULL makes an EV_READ/EV_WRITE event make forever; NULL makes an EV_TIMEOUT event success immediately.
Returns
0 if successful, or -1 if an error occurred
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL int event_base_priority_init ( struct event_base eb,
int  npriorities 
)

Set the number of different event priorities.

By default Libevent schedules all active events with the same priority. However, some time it is desirable to process some events with a higher priority than others. For that reason, Libevent supports strict priority queues. Active events with a lower priority are always processed before events with a higher priority.

The number of different priorities can be set initially with the event_base_priority_init() function. This function should be called before the first call to event_base_dispatch(). The event_priority_set() function can be used to assign a priority to an event. By default, Libevent assigns the middle priority to all events unless their priority is explicitly set.

Note that urgent-priority events can starve less-urgent events: after running all urgent-priority callbacks, Libevent checks for more urgent events again, before running less-urgent events. Less-urgent events will not have their callbacks run until there are no events more urgent than them that want to be active.

Parameters
ebthe event_base structure returned by event_base_new()
nprioritiesthe maximum number of priorities
Returns
0 if successful, or -1 if an error occurred
See Also
event_priority_set()
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL int event_base_set ( struct event_base eb,
struct event ev 
)

Associate a different event base with an event.

The event to be associated must not be currently active or pending.

Parameters
ebthe event base
evthe event
Returns
0 on success, -1 on failure.
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL int event_base_update_cache_time ( struct event_base base)

Update cached_tv in the 'base' to the current time.

You can use this function is useful for selectively increasing the accuracy of the cached time value in 'base' during callbacks that take a long time to execute.

This function has no effect if the base is currently not in its event loop, or if timeval caching is disabled via EVENT_BASE_FLAG_NO_CACHE_TIME.

Returns
0 on success, -1 on failure
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL int event_config_avoid_method ( struct event_config cfg,
const char *  method 
)

Enters an event method that should be avoided into the configuration.

This can be used to avoid event mechanisms that do not support certain file descriptor types, or for debugging to avoid certain event mechanisms. An application can make use of multiple event bases to accommodate incompatible file descriptor types.

Parameters
cfgthe event configuration object
methodthe name of the event method to avoid
Returns
0 on success, -1 on failure.
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL void event_config_free ( struct event_config cfg)

Deallocates all memory associated with an event configuration object.

Parameters
cfgthe event configuration object to be freed.
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL struct event_config* event_config_new ( void  )

Allocates a new event configuration object.

The event configuration object can be used to change the behavior of an event base.

Returns
an event_config object that can be used to store configuration, or NULL if an error is encountered.
See Also
event_base_new_with_config(), event_config_free(), event_config
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL int event_config_require_features ( struct event_config cfg,
int  feature 
)

Enters a required event method feature that the application demands.

Note that not every feature or combination of features is supported on every platform. Code that requests features should be prepared to handle the case where event_base_new_with_config() returns NULL, as in:

     event_config_require_features(cfg, EV_FEATURE_ET);
     base = event_base_new_with_config(cfg);
     if (base == NULL) {
We can't get edge-triggered behavior here.
       event_config_require_features(cfg, 0);
       base = event_base_new_with_config(cfg);
     }
   
Parameters
cfgthe event configuration object
featurea bitfield of one or more event_method_feature values. Replaces values from previous calls to this function.
Returns
0 on success, -1 on failure.
See Also
event_method_feature, event_base_new_with_config()
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL int event_config_set_flag ( struct event_config cfg,
int  flag 
)

Sets one or more flags to configure what parts of the eventual event_base will be initialized, and how they'll work.

See Also
event_base_config_flags, event_base_new_with_config()
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL int event_config_set_max_dispatch_interval ( struct event_config cfg,
const struct timeval *  max_interval,
int  max_callbacks,
int  min_priority 
)

Record an interval and/or a number of callbacks after which the event base should check for new events.

By default, the event base will run as many events are as activated at the highest activated priority before checking for new events. If you configure it by setting max_interval, it will check the time after each callback, and not allow more than max_interval to elapse before checking for new events. If you configure it by setting max_callbacks to a value >= 0, it will run no more than max_callbacks callbacks before checking for new events.

This option can decrease the latency of high-priority events, and avoid priority inversions where multiple low-priority events keep us from polling for high-priority events, but at the expense of slightly decreasing the throughput. Use it with caution!

Parameters
cfgThe event_base configuration object.
max_intervalAn interval after which Libevent should stop running callbacks and check for more events, or NULL if there should be no such interval.
max_callbacksA number of callbacks after which Libevent should stop running callbacks and check for more events, or -1 if there should be no such limit.
min_priorityA priority below which max_interval and max_callbacks should not be enforced. If this is set to 0, they are enforced for events of every priority; if it's set to 1, they're enforced for events of priority 1 and above, and so on.
Returns
0 on success, -1 on failure.
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL int event_config_set_num_cpus_hint ( struct event_config cfg,
int  cpus 
)

Records a hint for the number of CPUs in the system.

This is used for tuning thread pools, etc, for optimal performance. In Libevent 2.0, it is only on Windows, and only when IOCP is in use.

Parameters
cfgthe event configuration object
cpusthe number of cpus
Returns
0 on success, -1 on failure.
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL void event_debug_unassign ( struct event )

When debugging mode is enabled, informs Libevent that an event should no longer be considered as assigned.

When debugging mode is not enabled, does nothing.

This function must only be called on a non-added event.

See Also
event_enable_debug_mode()
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL int event_del ( struct event ev)

Remove an event from the set of monitored events.

The function event_del() will cancel the event in the argument ev. If the event has already executed or has never been added the call will have no effect.

Parameters
evan event struct to be removed from the working set
Returns
0 if successful, or -1 if an error occurred
See Also
event_add()
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL void event_enable_debug_logging ( ev_uint32_t  which)

Turn on debugging logs and have them sent to the default log handler.

This is a global setting; if you are going to call it, you must call this before any calls that create an event-base. You must call it before any multithreaded use of Libevent.

Debug logs are verbose.

Parameters
whichControls which debug messages are turned on. This option is unused for now; for forward compatibility, you must pass in the constant "EVENT_DBG_ALL" to turn debugging logs on, or "EVENT_DBG_NONE" to turn debugging logs off.
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL void event_enable_debug_mode ( void  )

Enable some relatively expensive debugging checks in Libevent that would normally be turned off.

Generally, these checks cause code that would otherwise crash mysteriously to fail earlier with an assertion failure. Note that this method MUST be called before any events or event_bases have been created.

Debug mode can currently catch the following errors: An event is re-assigned while it is added Any function is called on a non-assigned event

Note that debugging mode uses memory to track every event that has been initialized (via event_assign, event_set, or event_new) but not yet released (via event_free or event_debug_unassign). If you want to use debug mode, and you find yourself running out of memory, you will need to use event_debug_unassign to explicitly stop tracking events that are no longer considered set-up.

See Also
event_debug_unassign()
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL void event_free ( struct event )

Deallocate a struct event * returned by event_new().

If the event is pending or active, this function makes it non-pending and non-active first.

EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL void event_get_assignment ( const struct event event,
struct event_base **  base_out,
evutil_socket_t fd_out,
short *  events_out,
event_callback_fn callback_out,
void **  arg_out 
)

Extract all of arguments given to construct a given event.

The event_base is copied into *base_out, the fd is copied into *fd_out, and so on.

If any of the "_out" arguments is NULL, it will be ignored.

EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL int event_get_priority ( const struct event ev)

Return the priority of an event.

See Also
event_priority_init(), event_get_priority()
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL size_t event_get_struct_event_size ( void  )

Return the size of struct event that the Libevent library was compiled with.

This will be NO GREATER than sizeof(struct event) if you're running with the same version of Libevent that your application was built with, but otherwise might not.

Note that it might be SMALLER than sizeof(struct event) if some future version of Libevent adds extra padding to the end of struct event. We might do this to help ensure ABI-compatibility between different versions of Libevent.

EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL const char** event_get_supported_methods ( void  )

Gets all event notification mechanisms supported by Libevent.

This functions returns the event mechanism in order preferred by Libevent. Note that this list will include all backends that Libevent has compiled-in support for, and will not necessarily check your OS to see whether it has the required resources.

Returns
an array with pointers to the names of support methods. The end of the array is indicated by a NULL pointer. If an error is encountered NULL is returned.
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL const char* event_get_version ( void  )

Get the Libevent version.

Note that this will give you the version of the library that you're currently linked against, not the version of the headers that you've compiled against.

Returns
a string containing the version number of Libevent
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL ev_uint32_t event_get_version_number ( void  )

Return a numeric representation of Libevent's version.

Note that this will give you the version of the library that you're currently linked against, not the version of the headers you've used to compile.

The format uses one byte each for the major, minor, and patchlevel parts of the version number. The low-order byte is unused. For example, version 2.0.1-alpha has a numeric representation of 0x02000100

EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL int event_initialized ( const struct event ev)

Test if an event structure might be initialized.

The event_initialized() function can be used to check if an event has been initialized.

Warning: This function is only useful for distinguishing a zeroed-out piece of memory from an initialized event, it can easily be confused by uninitialized memory. Thus, it should ONLY be used to distinguish an initialized event from zero.

Parameters
evan event structure to be tested
Returns
1 if the structure might be initialized, or 0 if it has not been initialized
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL struct event* event_new ( struct event_base base,
evutil_socket_t  fd,
short  events,
event_callback_fn  callback,
void *  callback_arg 
)

Allocate and assign a new event structure, ready to be added.

The function event_new() returns a new event that can be used in future calls to event_add() and event_del(). The fd and events arguments determine which conditions will trigger the event; the callback and callback_arg arguments tell Libevent what to do when the event becomes active.

If events contains one of EV_READ, EV_WRITE, or EV_READ|EV_WRITE, then fd is a file descriptor or socket that should get monitored for readiness to read, readiness to write, or readiness for either operation (respectively). If events contains EV_SIGNAL, then fd is a signal number to wait for. If events contains none of those flags, then the event can be triggered only by a timeout or by manual activation with event_active(): In this case, fd must be -1.

The EV_PERSIST flag can also be passed in the events argument: it makes event_add() persistent until event_del() is called.

The EV_ET flag is compatible with EV_READ and EV_WRITE, and supported only by certain backends. It tells Libevent to use edge-triggered events.

The EV_TIMEOUT flag has no effect here.

It is okay to have multiple events all listening on the same fds; but they must either all be edge-triggered, or all not be edge triggered.

When the event becomes active, the event loop will run the provided callback function, with three arguments. The first will be the provided fd value. The second will be a bitfield of the events that triggered: EV_READ, EV_WRITE, or EV_SIGNAL. Here the EV_TIMEOUT flag indicates that a timeout occurred, and EV_ET indicates that an edge-triggered event occurred. The third event will be the callback_arg pointer that you provide.

Parameters
basethe event base to which the event should be attached.
fdthe file descriptor or signal to be monitored, or -1.
eventsdesired events to monitor: bitfield of EV_READ, EV_WRITE, EV_SIGNAL, EV_PERSIST, EV_ET.
callbackcallback function to be invoked when the event occurs
callback_argan argument to be passed to the callback function
Returns
a newly allocated struct event that must later be freed with event_free() or NULL if an error occurred.
See Also
event_free(), event_add(), event_del(), event_assign()
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL int event_pending ( const struct event ev,
short  events,
struct timeval *  tv 
)

Checks if a specific event is pending or scheduled.

Parameters
evan event struct previously passed to event_add()
eventsthe requested event type; any of EV_TIMEOUT|EV_READ| EV_WRITE|EV_SIGNAL
tvif this field is not NULL, and the event has a timeout, this field is set to hold the time at which the timeout will expire.
Returns
true if the event is pending on any of the events in 'what', (that is to say, it has been added), or 0 if the event is not added.
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL int event_priority_set ( struct event ev,
int  priority 
)

Assign a priority to an event.

Parameters
evan event struct
prioritythe new priority to be assigned
Returns
0 if successful, or -1 if an error occurred
See Also
event_priority_init(), event_get_priority()
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL int event_reinit ( struct event_base base)

Reinitialize the event base after a fork.

Some event mechanisms do not survive across fork. The event base needs to be reinitialized with the event_reinit() function.

Parameters
basethe event base that needs to be re-initialized
Returns
0 if successful, or -1 if some events could not be re-added.
See Also
event_base_new()
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL int event_remove_timer ( struct event ev)

Remove a timer from a pending event without removing the event itself.

If the event has a scheduled timeout, this function unschedules it but leaves the event otherwise pending.

Parameters
evan event struct initialized via event_assign() or event_new()
Returns
0 on success, or -1 if an error occurred.
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL void* event_self_cbarg ( void  )

Return a value used to specify that the event itself must be used as the callback argument.

The function event_new() takes a callback argument which is passed to the event's callback function. To specify that the argument to be passed to the callback function is the event that event_new() returns, pass in the return value of event_self_cbarg() as the callback argument for event_new().

For example:

    struct event *ev = event_new(base, sock, events, callback, event_self_cbarg());

For consistency with event_new(), it is possible to pass the return value of this function as the callback argument for event_assign() – this achieves the same result as passing the event in directly.

Returns
a value to be passed as the callback argument to event_new() or event_assign().
See Also
event_new(), event_assign()
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL void event_set_fatal_callback ( event_fatal_cb  cb)

Override Libevent's behavior in the event of a fatal internal error.

By default, Libevent will call exit(1) if a programming error makes it impossible to continue correct operation. This function allows you to supply another callback instead. Note that if the function is ever invoked, something is wrong with your program, or with Libevent: any subsequent calls to Libevent may result in undefined behavior.

Libevent will (almost) always log an EVENT_LOG_ERR message before calling this function; look at the last log message to see why Libevent has died.

EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL void event_set_log_callback ( event_log_cb  cb)

Redirect Libevent's log messages.

Parameters
cba function taking two arguments: an integer severity between EVENT_LOG_DEBUG and EVENT_LOG_ERR, and a string. If cb is NULL, then the default log is used.

NOTE: The function you provide must not call any other libevent functionality. Doing so can produce undefined behavior.

EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL void event_set_mem_functions ( void *(*)(size_t sz)  malloc_fn,
void *(*)(void *ptr, size_t sz)  realloc_fn,
void(*)(void *ptr)  free_fn 
)

Override the functions that Libevent uses for memory management.

Usually, Libevent uses the standard libc functions malloc, realloc, and free to allocate memory. Passing replacements for those functions to event_set_mem_functions() overrides this behavior.

Note that all memory returned from Libevent will be allocated by the replacement functions rather than by malloc() and realloc(). Thus, if you have replaced those functions, it will not be appropriate to free() memory that you get from Libevent. Instead, you must use the free_fn replacement that you provided.

Note also that if you are going to call this function, you should do so before any call to any Libevent function that does allocation. Otherwise, those functions will allocate their memory using malloc(), but then later free it using your provided free_fn.

Parameters
malloc_fnA replacement for malloc.
realloc_fnA replacement for realloc
free_fnA replacement for free.
EVENT2_EXPORT_SYMBOL void libevent_global_shutdown ( void  )

Release up all globally-allocated resources allocated by Libevent.

This function does not free developer-controlled resources like event_bases, events, bufferevents, listeners, and so on. It only releases resources like global locks that there is no other way to free.

It is not actually necessary to call this function before exit: every resource that it frees would be released anyway on exit. It mainly exists so that resource-leak debugging tools don't see Libevent as holding resources at exit.

You should only call this function when no other Libevent functions will be invoked – e.g., when cleanly exiting a program.